Dental Care for Seniors

As the age grows of a person, the health becomes getting down. In seniors, the dental health problem is the most important issue. Such as: darkening of teeth, dry mouth, root decay, gum disease, tooth loss, uneven jaw bone or thrush.

Darkening of teeth

In seniors, one of the main dental problem is darkening of teeth. The major reason of this dental problem is changes in dentin and the lifetime consuming of stain causing foods and beverages. It also caused by thinning of the outer layer of namel, that lets the darker yellower dentin show through.

Dry mouth

Dry mouth is a problem in seniors, that irritates them a lot. The one reason behind dry mouth is reducing of saliva flow. The second reason behind this is, dry mouth happened to those seniors who are cancer patients. The treatment of cancer uses radiation to the head and neck area, which results dry mouth in seniors. Some other diseases, such as Sjogren’s, and medication side effects may also cause dry mouth in seniors.

Root decay

Tooth roots do not have any enamel layer to protect them. That is why they are more prone to decay than the crown part of the tooth. Citric acid is the main cause of root decay. The seniors who consume vine and citric most, throughout the life. Root decay mostly happens to those seniors.

Gum disease

The one another dental problem in seniors is gum disease also. The reason is plaque. The food left in teeth made plaque. The use of tobacco products, poor-fitting bridges and dentures, poor diets, and certain diseases, like anemia, cancer, and diabetes, create gum disease in seniors.

Tooth loss

The common problem in seniors is tooth loss. Actually, gum diseases cause tooth loss in seniors.

Uneven jawbone

Uneven jawbone in seniors is caused by tooth loss and missing teeth cannot be replaced. This allows the remaining teeth to drift and shift into open spaces, that cause uneven jaw bone in seniors.

Thrush

Some diseases in seniors and medication for that disease can affect the immune system, that triggers the overgrowth of the fungus Candida in the mouth. Thrush is a fungal disease in the mouth. Low immune system can cause the dental problem in seniors.

Dental Care Tips for Seniors

Some important dental care tips for seniors are:

  • Brushing of teeth daily and properly.
  • Flossing of teeth is essential to keep them in good oral health.
  • Removal of plaque is important. So, rinse your teeth with full pressure after taking every meal.
  • Use a toothpaste which contains fluoride.
  • Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash once a day.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for cleaning the plaque and for an oral examination.

Dental examination of seniors

If you are a senior citizen, your dentist will conduct a thorough history of your eating habit and dental examination. Your dentist can ask you several questions, which may include:

  • What was the date your last dental visit and reason for the visit?
  • What kind of recent changes, you have noticed in your mouth?
  • Did you notice any loose or sensitive teeth?
  • What kind of difficulties you are facing while chewing and swallowing?
  • Do you notice any pain or bleeding in gums?
  • Have you ever notice lumps, bumps, or swellings in your mouth and gums?

Your dentist will check your face and neck for skin discoloration, moles, sores, your bite for thorough dental examination. A complete checkup of opening and closing of your mouth, your jaw, your lymph nodes and salivary glands for any sign of swelling or lumps, your inner cheeks, to check out any infections, ulcers, traumatic injuries and your tongue and other interior surfaces. Dentist will examine the floor of the mouth, soft and hard palate, gum tissue and teeth.

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Children’s Dental Exam – What You Need to Know

Since children are usually too young to get any severe dental or oral health conditions, the dental exam they need to go for is usually aimed at providing preventative dental care. But, it is to be kept in mind that these dental exams are vital if you want to ensure better oral and dental health of your child.

The dentist is going to clean your child’s teeth and evaluate the risk of tooth decay. Dentist may also apply sealant or fluoride gel to the teeth in order to reduce decay’s risk. This exam may also include dental x-rays test.

The dentist will also discuss about dental hygiene routine of your child. He will also talk about prevention of bad oral habits which can eventually be harmful for the teeth, gums and other areas of oral cavity.

Need for the dental checkup of your child

The basic purpose of taking your kid for the dental checkup is to ensure his better dental health. Moreover, the dentist will be able to figure out any issues before they get serious. You will also get effective tips to take care of your child’s oral health at home.

You may wonder when to take your kid to for the dental exam. There are a few factors to take into consideration. However, a few basic tips will surely help you get the guidance you need in this regard.

  • As suggested by American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, you need to make sure that you take your child to the dental visit anytime between 6 months to 1 year of age. However, the first dental visit should not be any later than the first birthday.
  • School-going children have grown teeth. They start getting the adult teeth as well. It means that dental care becomes even more important for them because a person gets only one set of permanent teeth in life. In this scenario, you have to make sure that you take your children of school-age to the dental visits after every six months. Since they start eating outside of home and start developing new oral habits, you have to make sure that their oral cavities are fully analyzed.

Dental x-rays

Many people consider dental x-rays riskier because they deal with radiation. But the matter of fact is a typical dental x-ray test exposes a person against very little amount of radiation. This amount is not something that can damage the tissues. And even there is a bit of risk of damage to the tissues, the benefits are going to outweigh the damages.