As the age grows of a person, the health becomes getting down. In seniors, the dental health problem is the most important issue. Such as: darkening of teeth, dry mouth, root decay, gum disease, tooth loss, uneven jaw bone or thrush.
Darkening of teeth
In seniors, one of the main dental problem is darkening of teeth. The major reason of this dental problem is changes in dentin and the lifetime consuming of stain causing foods and beverages. It also caused by thinning of the outer layer of namel, that lets the darker yellower dentin show through.
Dry mouth is a problem in seniors, that irritates them a lot. The one reason behind dry mouth is reducing of saliva flow. The second reason behind this is, dry mouth happened to those seniors who are cancer patients. The treatment of cancer uses radiation to the head and neck area, which results dry mouth in seniors. Some other diseases, such as Sjogren’s, and medication side effects may also cause dry mouth in seniors.
Tooth roots do not have any enamel layer to protect them. That is why they are more prone to decay than the crown part of the tooth. Citric acid is the main cause of root decay. The seniors who consume vine and citric most, throughout the life. Root decay mostly happens to those seniors.
The one another dental problem in seniors is gum disease also. The reason is plaque. The food left in teeth made plaque. The use of tobacco products, poor-fitting bridges and dentures, poor diets, and certain diseases, like anemia, cancer, and diabetes, create gum disease in seniors.
The common problem in seniors is tooth loss. Actually, gum diseases cause tooth loss in seniors.
Uneven jawbone in seniors is caused by tooth loss and missing teeth cannot be replaced. This allows the remaining teeth to drift and shift into open spaces, that cause uneven jaw bone in seniors.
Some diseases in seniors and medication for that disease can affect the immune system, that triggers the overgrowth of the fungus Candida in the mouth. Thrush is a fungal disease in the mouth. Low immune system can cause the dental problem in seniors.
Dental Care Tips for Seniors
Some important dental care tips for seniors are:
- Brushing of teeth daily and properly.
- Flossing of teeth is essential to keep them in good oral health.
- Removal of plaque is important. So, rinse your teeth with full pressure after taking every meal.
- Use a toothpaste which contains fluoride.
- Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash once a day.
- Visit your dentist regularly for cleaning the plaque and for an oral examination.
Dental examination of seniors
If you are a senior citizen, your dentist will conduct a thorough history of your eating habit and dental examination. Your dentist can ask you several questions, which may include:
- What was the date your last dental visit and reason for the visit?
- What kind of recent changes, you have noticed in your mouth?
- Did you notice any loose or sensitive teeth?
- What kind of difficulties you are facing while chewing and swallowing?
- Do you notice any pain or bleeding in gums?
- Have you ever notice lumps, bumps, or swellings in your mouth and gums?
Your dentist will check your face and neck for skin discoloration, moles, sores, your bite for thorough dental examination. A complete checkup of opening and closing of your mouth, your jaw, your lymph nodes and salivary glands for any sign of swelling or lumps, your inner cheeks, to check out any infections, ulcers, traumatic injuries and your tongue and other interior surfaces. Dentist will examine the floor of the mouth, soft and hard palate, gum tissue and teeth.